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Venezuela

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
República Bolivariana de Venezuela

Political Status: Independence originally proclaimed in 1821 as part of Gran Colombia; independent republic established in 1830; federal constitutional system restored in 1958. Current constitution approved by referendum on December 15, 1999.

Area: 358, 850 sq. mi. (916, 445 sq. km.).

Population: 23, 054, 210 (2001C); 28, 840, 000 (2010E). The 2001 figure excludes an adjustment for underenumeration as well as for 180, 000 Amerindian jungle dwellers, both of which are included in the 2010 estimate.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): CARACAS (2, 073, 768), Maracaibo (1, 764, 000), Valencia (1, 325, 000), Barquisimeto (893, 000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: Bolívar (official rate November 1, 2010: 4.29 bolívares fuertes = $1US). [Note: devalued January 2010.]

President: Lt. Col. (Ret.) Hugo Rafael CHÁVEZ Frías (United Socialist ...

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