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Uzbekistan

Republic of Uzbekistan
Ozbekiston Respublikasi

Political Status: Eastern portion of Turkistan Soviet Socialist Republic detached on October 27, 1924, to form Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR); became constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on May 12, 1925; declared independence as Republic of Uzbekistan on August 31, 1991; present constitution adopted on December 8, 1992.

Area: 172, 740 sq. mi. (447, 400 sq. km.).

Population: 19, 810, 077 (1989C); 27, 788, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): TASHKENT (2, 167, 000), Namangan (375, 000), Samarkand (360, 000), Andijan (323, 000).

Official Language: Uzbek. Russian remains the principal everyday language.

Monetary Unit: Sum (official rate November 1, 2010: 1, 626.30 sums = $1US).

President: Islam A. KARIMOV; elected to the new office of president ...

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