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Uruguay

Oriental Republic of Uruguay
República Oriental del Uruguay

Political Status: Independent state proclaimed in 1825; republic established in 1830; presidential-congressional system reinstated on March 1, 1985, supplanting military-controlled civilian government in power since February 1973.

Area: 68, 037 sq. mi. (176, 215 sq. km.).

Population: 3, 241, 003 (2004C); 3, 357, 000 (2010E). The 2004 figure excludes and the 2010 figure includes an adjustment for underenumeration.

Major Urban Center (2005E): MONTEVIDEO (1, 265, 000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: Uruguayan Peso (market rate November 1, 2010: 19.95 pesos = $1US).

President: José Alberto MUJICA Cordano (Progressive Encounter–Broad Front); elected on November 29, 2009, and inaugurated on March 1, 2010, for a five-year term, succeeding Tabaré Ramón VÁZQUEZ Rosas (Progressive Encounter–Broad Front); named a new government on March 2, 2010.

Vice President: Danilo ASTORI (Progressive ...

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