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Republic of Turkmenistan
Tiurkmenostan Respublikasy

Political Status: Turkmenian districts of former Bukhara and Khorezm republics added to autonomous Turkistan Soviet Socialist Republic within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic on October 27, 1924; became constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on May 12, 1925; declared independence as Republic of Turkmenistan on October 27, 1991; new constitution adopted May 18, 1992; present constitution adopted September 26, 2008.

Area: 188, 456 sq. mi. (488, 100 sq. km.).

Population: 4, 483, 251 (1995C); 5, 176, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Center (2005E): ASHGABAT (Ashkhabad, 559, 000).

Official Language: Turkmen.

Monetary Unit: Manat (official rate November 1, 2010: 2.84 new manats = $1US).

President and Prime Minister: Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMMEDOV (Democratic Party of Turkmenistan); elevated from deputy prime minister to acting president and prime minister ...

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