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Turkey

Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

Political Status: Independent republic established in 1923; parliamentary democracy since 1946, save for military interregna from May 1960 to October 1961 and September 1980 to November 1983; present constitution approved by referendum of November 7, 1982.

Area: 300, 948 sq. mi. (779, 452 sq. km.).

Population: 67, 803, 927 (2000C); 74, 156, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Centers (2007E): ANKARA (3, 641, 931), İstanbul (10, 291, 102), İzmir (2, 651, 568), Bursa (1, 504, 817), Adana (1, 294, 460), Gaziantep (1, 136, 281), Konya (932, 589).

Official Language: Turkish. A 1982 law banning the use of the Kurdish language was rescinded in early 1991.

Monetary Unit: Turkish Lira (Türk Lirası—TL) (market rate November 1, 2010: 1.42 Turkish New Liras = $1US).

President of the Republic: Abdullah GÜL (Justice and ...

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