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Trinidad and Tobago

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since August 31, 1962; republican constitution adopted August 1, 1976.

Area: 1, 980 sq. mi. (5, 128 sq. km.), of which Trinidad encompasses 1, 864 sq. mi. (4, 828 sq. km.) and Tobago 116 sq. mi. (300 sq. km.).

Population: 1, 262, 366 (2000C); 1, 317, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Center (2000C): PORT-OF-SPAIN (49, 031).

Official Language: English. On September 1, 2005, the government announced that Spanish would be adopted as an official language by 2020 to permit Trinidadians to compete more effectively in regional markets.

Monetary Unit: Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (market rate November 1, 2010: 6.32 dollars = $1US).

President: George Maxwell (Max) RICHARDS; elected by Parliament to a five-year term on February 14, 2003, and inaugurated on ...

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