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Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
República Democrática de Timor-Leste

Political Status: Independent republic established May 20, 2002; constitution approved by Constituent Assembly on March 22, 2002.

Area: 5, 641 sq. mi. (14, 609 sq. km.).

Population: 924, 642 (2004C); 1, 171, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Center: Dili 173, 541 (2004C).

Official Languages: Portuguese, Tetum. A majority of Timorese are fluent in Bahasa Indonesia (a form of Malay); both it and English are “working languages.”

Monetary Unit: U.S. Dollar (see U.S. article for principal exchange rates).

President: José RAMOS-HORTA (nonparty); elected by popular vote on May 9, 2007; sworn in for a five-year term on May 20, succeeding Kay Rala Xanana (José Alexandre) GUSMÃO (National Congress of East Timorese Reconstruction).

Prime Minister: Kay Rala Xanana (José Alexandre) GUSMÃO (National Congress of East Timorese Reconstruction); appointed by ...

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