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Thailand

Kingdom of Thailand
Prathet Thai

Note: Considerable variation occurs in the English transliteration of Thai names. Where possible, Thai sources have been relied on, but these also present variations.

Political Status: Independent monarchy functioning under a constitution approved by popular referendum on August 19, 2007, validated by the Constitutional Drafting Assembly on August 21, and promulgated on August 24.

Area: 198, 455 sq. mi. (514, 000 sq. km.).

Population: 60, 606, 947 (2000C), excluding adjustment for underenumeration; 64, 100, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Center (2010E): BANGKOK (metropolitan area, 12, 390, 000 ).

Official Language: Thai.

Monetary Unit: Baht (official rate November 1, 2010: 29.87 baht = $1US).

Sovereign: King BHUMIBOL Adulyadej (King RAMA IX); ascended the throne June 9, 1946; crowned May 5, 1950.

Heir Apparent: Crown Prince Maha VAJIRALONGKORN.

Prime Minister: ABHISIT Vejjajiva (Democrat Party), ...

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