Republic of Tajikistan
Political Status: Designated autonomous republic within the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic on October 27, 1924; became constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on October 16, 1929; declared independence as Republic of Tajikistan on September 9, 1991; current constitution adopted by referendum on November 6, 1994.
Area: 55, 250 sq. mi. (143, 100 sq. km.).
Population: 6, 127, 493 (2000C); 7, 776, 000 (2010E).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): DUSHANBE (598, 000), Khujand (144, 000).
Official Language: Tajik. Although the 1994 constitution accords Russian the status of a language of interethnic communication, a law passed in October 2009 requires all official government communication to be conducted in Tajik and states that all citizens should have a working knowledge of the language. Use of other ...