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Republic of the Sudan
Jumhuriyat al-Sudan

Note: Under the terms of the comprehensive peace agreement, from January 9-15, 2011, a referendum was held in South Sudan on whether the region would remain part of Sudan or become its own country. Preliminary results showed that 98 percent voted in favor of independence.

Political Status: Independent republic established in 1956; revolutionary military regime instituted in 1969; one-party system established in 1971; constitution of May 8, 1973, suspended following military coup of April 6, 1985; military regime reinstituted on June 30, 1989; ruling military council dissolved and nominal civilian government reinstated on October 16, 1993; nonparty presidential and legislative elections held on March 6–17, 1996; new constitution providing for limited multiparty system signed into law on June 30, 1998; peace agreement ...

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