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Spain

Kingdom of Spain
Reino de España

Political Status: Formerly under a system of personal rule instituted in 1936; monarchy reestablished November 22, 1975, in accordance with the Law of Succession of July 26, 1947, as amended in 1969 and 1971; parliamentary monarchy confirmed by constitution effective December 29, 1978.

Area: 194, 896 sq. mi. (504, 782 sq. km.).

Population: 40, 847, 371 (2001C); 46, 475, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Areas (2005E): MADRID (3, 192, 000), Barcelona (1, 621, 000), Valencia (798, 000), Seville (703, 000), Zaragoza (648, 000), Málaga (543, 000), Bilbao (352, 000).

Official Languages: Spanish and regional languages (principally Basque, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian).

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 1, 2010: 1 euro = $1.38 US).

Monarch: JUAN CARLOS I de Borbón y Borbón; invested before the Spanish Legislative Assembly ...

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