Political Status: Former British-administered territory; achieved internal self-government on January 2, 1976, and full independence within the Commonwealth on July 7, 1978.
Area: 10, 639 sq. mi. (27, 556 sq. km.).
Population: 409, 042 (1999C); 550, 000 (2010E).
Major Urban Center (2005E): HONIARA (61, 000).
Official Language: English (Solomons Pidgin is the effective lingua franca).
Monetary Unit: Solomon Dollar (official rate November 1, 2010: 7.83 dollars = $1US).
Sovereign: Queen ELIZABETH II.
Governor General: Frank Ofagioro KABUI; elected by the National Parliament on June 15, 2009, and sworn in on July 7 for a five-year term, succeeding Sir Nathaniel WAENA.
Prime Minister: Danny PHILIP (Solomon Islands Reform and Democratic Party); elected by the National Parliament on August 25, 2010, succeeding Dr. Derek SIKUA (Coalition for National Unity and Rural Advancement).
The Solomons comprise ...