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Russia

Russian Federation/Russia
Rossiiskaya Federatsiya/Rossiya

Political Status: Formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); present official designations adopted on April 17, 1992; current constitution approved by referendum of December 12, 1993.

Area: 6, 592, 800 sq. mi. (17, 075, 400 sq. km.).

Population: 145, 166, 731 (2002C); 141, 747, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): MOSCOW (10, 150, 000), St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad, 4, 105, 000), Novosibirsk (1, 406, 000), Nizhny Novgorod (formerly Gorky, 1, 298, 000), Yekaterinburg (formerly Sverdlovsk, 1, 304, 000), Samara (formerly Kuibyshev, 1, 152, 000), Omsk (1, 143, 000), Rostov-na-Donu (1, 058, 000), Volgograd (1, 033, 000), Vladivostok (587, 000).

Official Languages: Russian, in addition to languages recognized by the constituent republics and autonomous areas.

Monetary Unit: ...

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