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Romania

România

Political Status: Independence established 1878; People’s Republic proclaimed December 30, 1947; designated a Socialist Republic by constitution adopted August 21, 1965; redesignated as Romania in December 1989; presidential multiparty constitution approved in referendum of December 8, 1991.

Area: 91, 699 sq. mi. (237, 500 sq. km.).

Population: 21, 680, 974 (2002C); 21, 451, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): BUCHAREST (Bucureşti, 1, 886, 000), Cluj-Napoca (315, 000), Iaşi (314, 000), Timişoara (313, 000), Craiova (303, 000), Constanţa (299, 000), Galaţi (291, 000), Braşov (274, 000).

Official Language: Romanian.

Monetary Unit: New Leu (market rate November 1, 2010: 3.08 new lei = $1US). The new leu was introduced on July 1, 2005, at the rate of 1 new leu = 10, 000 old lei.

President: Traian BĂSESCU (formerly Democratic Party, currently independent ...

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