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Qatar

State of Qatar
Dawlat al-Qatar

Political Status: Traditional sheikhdom; proclaimed fully independent September 1, 1971; first permanent constitution, approved in referendum of April 29, 2003, went into effect on June 8, 2004.

Area: 4, 247 sq. mi. (11, 000 sq. km.).

Population: 744, 029 (2004C); 1, 855, 000 (2010E), including nonnationals, who constitute more than two-thirds of the resident population.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): DOHA (al-Dawhah, 353, 000), Rayyan (276, 000).

Official Language: Arabic.

Monetary Unit: Qatar Riyal (official rate November 1, 2010: 3.64 riyals = $1US).

Sovereign (Emir): Sheikh Hamad ibn Khalifa Al THANI; assumed supreme power June 27, 1995, deposing his father Sheikh Khalifaibn Hamad Al THANI; also served as prime minister July 11, 1995–October 28, 1996.

Heir to the Throne: Crown Prince Sheikh Tamin ibn Hamad Al THANI, designated August 5, ...

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