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Mongolia

Monggol Ulus

Political Status: Independent since 1921; Communist People’s Republic established November 26, 1924; multi-party system introduced by constitutional amendment of May 11, 1990; current constitution adopted January 13, 1992, in effect from February 12.

Area: 604, 247 sq. mi. (1, 565, 000 sq. km.).

Population: 2, 373, 493 (2000C); 2, 791, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): ULAANBAATAR (Ulan Bator, 936, 000), Erdenet (82, 000), Darhan (64, 000), Choybalsan (40, 000).

Monetary Unit: Tugrik (market rate November 1, 2010: 1, 284.00 tugriks = $1US).

Official Language: Khalkha Mongol.

President: Tsakhiagiyn ELBEGDORJ (Democratic Party), popularly elected for a four-year term on May 24, 2009, and sworn in on June 18, succeeding Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR (Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party).

Prime Minister: Sukhbaatar BATBOLD (Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party); nominated by the president on October 28, 2009, ...

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