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Monaco

Principality of Monaco
Principauté de Monaco

Political Status: Independent principality founded in the 13th century; constitutional monarchy since 1911; present constitution promulgated December 17, 1962 (amended in April 2002).

Area: 0.70 sq. mi. (1.81 sq. km.).

Population: 32, 020 (2000C); 31, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Center (2005E): MONACO-VILLE (1, 100).

Official Language: French.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 1, 2010: 1 euro = $1.38US). Although not a member of the European Union (EU), Monaco was authorized by the EU to adopt the euro as its official currency and mint a limited supply of Monégasque euro coins.

Sovereign: Prince ALBERT II; acceded to the throne April 6, 2005, following the death of his father, Prince RAINIER III; formally installed in two-part process on July 12 and November 19, 2005.

Heiress Presumptive: Princess CAROLINE Louise ...

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