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Malawi

Republic of Malawi

Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since 1964; republic under one-party presidential rule established July 6, 1966; constitution amended on June 22, 1993, to provide for multiparty activity following national referendum of June 15; new constitution enacted provisionally as of May 16, 1994, and adopted permanently (as amended) on May 18, 1995.

Area: 45, 747 sq. mi. (118, 484 sq. km.).

Population: 13, 006, 320 (2008C); 13, 223, 000 (2010E). The 2008 figure is preliminary.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): LILONGWE (676, 000), Blantyre (715, 000), Mzuzu (107, 000).

Official Language: English. (Chichewa is classified as a national language.)

Monetary Unit: Kwacha (official rate November 1, 2010: 150.77 kwacha = $1US).

President: Bingu wa MUTHARIKA (Democratic Progressive Party); popularly elected (as a member of the United Democratic Front) ...

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