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Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Grousherzogdem Lëzebuerg (Letzeburgish)
Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (French)
Grossherzogtum Luxemburg (German)

Political Status: Constitutional monarchy, fully independent since 1867; in economic union with Belgium since 1922.

Area: 998 sq. mi. (2, 586 sq. km.).

Population: 439, 539 (2001C); 517, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): LUXEMBOURG-VILLE (Lützelburg, 77, 000), Esch-sur-Alzette (28, 000).

Official Language: Letzeburgish. As a general rule, French is used for administrative purposes, and German for commerce.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 1, 2010: 1 euro = $1.38US).

Sovereign: Grand Duke HENRI; ascended to the throne October 7, 2000, on the abdication of his father, Grand Duke JEAN.

Heir Apparent: Prince GUILLAUME, son of the grand duke; proclaimed by the grand duke on December 18, 2000.

President of the Government (Prime Minister): Jean-Claude JUNCKER (Christian Social People’s Party); sworn in as ...

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