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Republic of Lebanon
al-Jumhuriyah al-Lubnaniyah

Note: On January 12, 2011 Hezbollah and Amal withdrew from the government, which prompted the collapse of the governing coalition. Prime Minister Saad Hariri remained with a caretaker cabinet while negotiations over a new government continued.

Political Status: Independent parliamentary republic proclaimed November 26, 1941, with acquisition of de facto autonomy completed upon withdrawal of French troops in December 1946.

Area: 4, 036 sq. mi. (10, 452 sq. km.).

Population: 4, 254, 000 (2010E). Estimates vary widely; the most recent official figure (2, 126, 325 in 1970), which excluded Palestinian refugees, was based on a population sample and was much lower than UN estimates of the period. In recent years the UN appears to have accepted the 1970 figure, discarding most of its previous estimates ...

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