• Country
  • Countries A-Z

Italy

Italian Republic
Repubblica Italiana

Political Status: Unified state proclaimed in 1861; republic established by national referendum in 1946; under parliamentary constitution effective January 1, 1948.

Area: 116, 303 sq. mi. (301, 225 sq. km.).

Population: 56, 995, 744 (2001C); 60, 656, 000 (2010E). The 2001 figure is de jure; the de facto figure is 57, 110, 144.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): ROME (2, 539, 000), Milan (1, 284, 000), Naples (996, 000), Turin (870, 000), Palermo (675, 000), Genoa (591, 000).

Official Language: Italian (German is also official in Trentino-Alto Adige).

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 1, 2010: 1 euro = $1.38US).

President of the Republic: Giorgio NAPOLITANO (Democrats of the Left) elected by the electoral college on May 10, 2006, and inaugurated on May 15 for a seven-year term, succeeding ...

locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles