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Hungary

Hungarian Republic
Magyar Köztársaság

Political Status: Independent kingdom created in 1000; republic proclaimed in 1946; Communist People’s Republic established August 20, 1949; pre-Communist name revived as one of a number of constitutional changes approved on October 18, 1989.

Area: 35, 919 sq. mi. (93, 030 sq. km.).

Population: 10, 197, 119 (2001C); 10, 016, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): BUDAPEST (1, 700, 000), Debrecen (209, 000), Miskolc (189, 000), Pécs (169, 000), Szeged (162, 000), Györ (131, 000).

Official Language: Hungarian.

Monetary Unit: Forint (official rate November 1, 2010: 195.20 forints = $1US).

President: Pál SCHMITT; elected (as the candidate of the coalition of the Federation of Young Democrats–Hungarian Civic Alliance and the Christian Democratic People’s Party) in first-round balloting by the National Assembly on June 29, 2010, and sworn in for ...

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