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Greece

Hellenic Republic
Elliniki Dimokratia

Political Status: Gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830; military rule imposed following coup of April 21, 1967; civilian control reinstituted July 23, 1974; present republican constitution promulgated June 11, 1975.

Area: 50, 944 sq. mi. (131, 944 sq. km.).

Population: 10, 964, 020 (2001C); 11, 344, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Centers (2007E): ATHENS (720, 979, urban area, 3, 799, 134), Thessaloniki (Salonika, 363, 987, urban area, 966, 725), Patras (164, 741), Iraklion (140, 357), Larissa (130, 946).

Official Language: Greek.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 1, 2010: 1 euro = $1.38US).

President: Karolos PAPOULIAS (Panhellenic Socialist Movement); elected by Parliament on February 8, 2005, and sworn in on March 12 for a five-year term, succeeding Konstantinos (Kostis) STEPHANOPOULOS (Democratic Renewal), who was constitutionally precluded from a ...

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