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Ghana

Republic of Ghana

Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since March 6, 1957; under military control 1966–1969 and 1972–1979; Third Republic overthrown by military coup of December 31, 1981; constitution of Fourth Republic, approved in referendum of April 28, 1992, formally launched on January 7, 1993.

Area: 92, 099 sq. mi. (238, 537 sq. km.).

Population: 18, 912, 079 (2000C); 24, 018, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Center (2005E): ACCRA (1, 963, 000).

Official Language: English.

Monetary Unit: New Cedi (market rate November 1, 2010: 1.43 cedi = $1US).

President: John Evans Atta MILLS (National Democratic Congress); elected for a four-year term in runoff balloting on December 28, 2008, and January 2, 2009, and sworn in on January 7 in succession to John Agyekum KUFUOR (New Patriotic Party); began forming new government ...

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