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Finland

Republic of Finland
Suomen Tasavalta (Finnish)
Republiken Finland (Swedish)

Political Status: Independent since December 6, 1917; republic established July 17, 1919, under presidential-parliamentary system.

Area: 130, 119 sq. mi. (337, 009 sq. km.).

Population: 5, 181, 115 (2000C); 5, 433, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): HELSINKI (551, 000), Espoo (239, 000), Tampere (208, 000), Turku (178, 000).

Official Languages: Finnish, Swedish.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 1, 2010: 1 euro = $1.38 US).

President: Tarja HALONEN (Finnish Social Democratic Party); reelected in second-round balloting on February 29, 2006, and inaugurated for a six-year term on March 1, 2006.

Prime Minister: Mari KIVINIEMI (Finish Center); approved by the legislature and sworn in on June 22, 2010, as the leader of a four-party coalition government to replace Matti VANHANEN (Finnish Center), who resigned on June ...

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