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Republic of the Fiji Islands
Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti (Fijian)
Fiji Ripablik (Hindustani)

Political Status: Voluntarily assumed the status of a British dependency in 1874; became an independent member of the Commonwealth on October 10, 1970; republic declared on October 15, 1987; current constitution promulgated on July 25, 1997, with effect from July 27, 1998; constitution abrogated by presidential decree on April 10, 2009; country led by military-backed interim government.

Area: 7, 055 sq. mi. (18, 272 sq. km.).

Population: 837, 271 (2007C); 855, 000 (2010E).

Major Urban Center: SUVA, 74, 481 (centre), 173, 137 (urban area) (2007C).

Official Languages: English, Fijian (Na Vosa Vakaviti), and Hindustani (Fijian Hindi).

Monetary Unit: Fiji Dollar (official rate November 1, 2010: 1.83 dollars = $1US ).

President (Interim): Ratu Epeli NAILATIKAU; appointed vice president on April 17, ...

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