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Colombia

Republic of Colombia
República de Colombia

Political Status: Independent Gran Colombia proclaimed 1819; separate state of New Granada established 1831; republican constitution adopted 1886; bipartisan National Front regime instituted in 1958 but substantially terminated in 1974; current constitution promulgated July 5, 1991.

Area: 439, 734 sq. mi. (1, 138, 914 sq. km.).

Population: 42, 888, 592 (2005C); 45, 508, 000 (2008E). The 2005 figure includes an adjustment for underenumeration.

Major Urban Centers (urban areas, 2005E): SANTAFÉ DE BOGOTÁ (formerly Bogotá, 8, 350, 000), Medellín (3, 450, 000), Cali (2, 700, 000), Barranquilla (1, 925, 000), Cartagena (1, 075, 000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: Peso (principal rate November 1, 2010: 1, 839.10 pesos = $1US).

President: Juan Manuel SANTOS Calderón (Social Party of National Unity); elected in runoff balloting on June 20, ...

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