Republic of Angola

República de Angola

Political Status: Formally independent upon departure of the Portuguese High Commissioner on November 10, 1975; government of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) recognized by the Organization of African Unity on February 11, 1976; peace accord signed with rebel National Union for the Total Independence of Angola on June 1, 1991; multiparty democratic system approved by constitutional amendment on August 26, 1992.

Area: 481,351 sq. mi. (1,246,700 sq. km.).

Population: 5,646,166 (1970C); 17,623,000 (2008E). A census launched in 1982 was never completed, and no subsequent enumeration has been undertaken; the 2008 figure is an extrapolation from recent UN estimates.

Major Urban Center (2005E): LUANDA (urban area, 2,825,000).

Official Language: Portuguese (although most Angolans speak tribal languages).

Monetary Unit: Kwanza (market rate December 1, ...

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