Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam
Political Status: Communist republic originally proclaimed September 2, 1945; Democratic Republic of Vietnam established in the north on July 21, 1954; Republic of Vietnam established in the south on October 26, 1955; Socialist Republic of Vietnam proclaimed on July 2, 1976, following surrender of the southern government on April 30, 1975; present constitution adopted on April 15, 1992.
Area: 128,402 sq. mi. (332,561 sq. km.).
Population: 76,323,173 (1999C); 86,471,000 (2008E).
Major Urban Centers (metropolitan areas, 2005E): HANOI (5,046,000), Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon, 5,289,000), Haiphong (2,032,000), Can Tho (1,120,000), Da Nang (720,000).
Official Language: Vietnamese.
Monetary Unit: Dông (market rate December 1, 2009: 18,489.50 dông = $1US).
President: NGUYEN MINH TRIET; elected by the National Assembly on June 27, 2006, ...