Republic of Togo
Political Status: Independent republic since 1960; personal military rule imposed in 1967; one-party state established November 29, 1969; Third Republic proclaimed on January 13, 1980, under constitution adopted in referendum of December 30, 1979; constitution suspended by a National Conference on July 16, 1991; multiparty constitution adopted by popular referendum on September 27, 1992.
Area: 21,622 sq. mi. (56,000 sq. km.).
Population: 2,703,250 (1981C); 6,765,000 (2008E). The 1981 figure is presumed to reflect substantial underenumeration.
Major Urban Center (2005E): LOMÉ (835,000).
Official Language: French.
Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate December 1, 2009: 434.59 francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.957 CFA francs = 1 euro.
President: Faure Essozimma GNASSINGBÉ (Rally of the Togolese ...