São Tomé and Príncipe
Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Political Status: Achieved independence from Portugal on July 12, 1975; constitution of November 5, 1975, revised in December 1982, October 1987, August 1990, and March 2003.
Area: 387 sq. mi. (1,001 sq. km.).
Population: 137,599 (2001C); 167,000 (2008E).
Major Urban Center (2008E): SÃO TOMÉ (62,500).
Official Language: Portuguese.
Monetary Unit: Dobra (market rate December 1, 2009: 15,525.00 dobras = $1US). With the support of Portugal, the dobra will be pegged to the euro beginning in January 2010.
President: Fradique de MENEZES (Independent Democratic Action); popularly elected on July 29, 2001, and sworn in for a five-year term on September 3 to succeed Miguel Anjos da Cunha Lisboa TROVOADA (Independent Democratic Action); reelected (as the candidate of the alliance of ...