United Mexican States

Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Political Status: Independence originally proclaimed 1810; present federal constitution adopted February 5, 1917.

Area: 761,600 sq. mi. (1,972,544 sq. km.).

Population: 103,263,388 (2005C), including an adjustment for underennumeration; 106,683,000 (2008E).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): MEXICO CITY (Federal District, 8,795,000), Guadalajara (1,645,000), Tijuana (1,474,000), Ciudad Juárez (1,454,000), Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza (1,428,000), León (1,183,000), Monterrey (1,132,000), Chihuahua (743,000), Acapulco (682,000), Mexicali (616,000), Veracruz (481,000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: New Peso (market rate December 1, 2009: 12.86 pesos = $1US).

President: Felipe CALDERÓN Hinojosa (National Action Party); elected July 2, 2006, and inaugurated on December 1 for a six-year term, succeeding Vicente FOX Quesada (Nacional Action Party).

The Country

Extending southeastward from the U.S. border to the jungles of Yucatán and Guatemala, Mexico ranks third in size and second in ...

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