Islamic Republic of Mauritania
al-Jumhuriyah al-Islamiyah al-Muritaniyah
Note: In controversial presidential balloting on July 18, 2009, former coup leader and chair of the High Council of State, Gen. Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz (Mauritanian Union for the Republic), was elected for a five-year term with 52.6 percent of the vote. His closest challenger, National Assembly Speaker Massaoud Ould Boulkheir (Popular Progressive Alliance), received 16 percent. Following the inauguration of Abdelaziz on August 5, Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf was reinstated as prime minister and a new cabinet was installed on August 11. In partial Senate elections on November 8 and November 15, 2009, for 17 seats, the Mauritanian Union for the Republic and the National Rally for Reform and Development won a total of 13 seats.
Political Status: Independent republic since ...