Republic of Lebanon
Note: Former prime minister Saad Hariri, designated by the president to form a government following the June 2009 legislative elections, was sworn in on November 9 as head of a new coalition government that included 15 ministers from Hariri’s March 14 Alliance, 10 ministers from the parliamentary opposition (including representatives from Hezbollah and al-Amal), and 5 independents.
Political Status: Independent parliamentary republic proclaimed November 26, 1941, with acquisition of de facto autonomy completed upon withdrawal of French troops in December 1946.
Area: 4,036 sq. mi. (10,452 sq. km.).
Population: 4,143,000 (2008E). Estimates vary widely; the most recent official figure (2,126,325 in 1970), which excluded Palestinian refugees, was based on a population sample and was much lower than UN estimates of the period. In recent years ...