State of Israel
Medinat Yisrael (Hebrew)
Dawlat Israil (Arabic)
Note: Information on Palestinian affairs, formerly included (until the 2008 edition) in this article under Occupied and Previously Occupied Territories, is now covered in the article at the end of the Governments section called the Palestinian Authority/Palestine Liberation Organization.
Political Status: Independent republic established May 14, 1948; under multiparty parliamentary regime.
Area: 8,463 sq. mi. (21,920 sq. km.), including inland water (172 sq. mi., 445 sq. km.).
Population: 5,548,523 (1995C); 7,341,000 (2008E). Area and population figures include East Jerusalem (27 sq. mi. [70 sq. km.] prior to subsequent unilateral expansion), which Israel occupied in 1967 and formally annexed in 1980 in an action not recognized by the United Nations or the United States (which maintains its embassy in Tel Aviv). Also included ...