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Iraq

Republic of Iraq

al-Jumhuriyah al-Iraqiyah

Note: In parliamentary elections on March 7, 2010, the Iraqi National List won 91 seats, followed by the State of Law coalition, 89; Iraqi National Alliance, 70; Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan, 43; Change, 8; Iraqi Accord Front, 6; Iraqi Unity Alliance (a new, electoral coalition led by Jawad al-Bolani), 4; Kurdistan Islamic Union, 4; and Kurdistan Islamic Group, 2; independents and minorities, 8. Negotiations on the formation of a new government continued through April, 2010.

Political Status: Independent state since 1932; declared a republic following military coup that overthrew the monarchy in 1958; provisional constitution issued September 22, 1968, and substantially amended thereafter; de facto one-party regime ousted following invasion by U.S./UK-led forces in March 2003; interim constitution (Transitional Administrative Law) adopted ...

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