Political Status: Independent kingdom created in 1000; republic proclaimed in 1946; Communist People’s Republic established August 20, 1949; pre-Communist name revived as one of a number of constitutional changes approved on October 18, 1989.
Area: 35,919 sq. mi. (93,030 sq. km.).
Population: 10,197,119 (2001C); 10,048,000 (2008).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): BUDAPEST (1,700,000), Debrecen (209,000), Miskolc (189,000), Pécs (169,000), Szeged (162,000), Györ (131,000).
Official Language: Hungarian.
Monetary Unit: Forint (official rate December 1, 2009: 180.49 forints = $1US).
President: Laszlo SOLYOM; elected (as the candidate of the Federation of Young Democrats–Hungarian Civic Alliance and several other parties) in third-round balloting by the National Assembly on June 7, 2005, and sworn in for a five-year term on August 5, succeeding Ferenc MÁDL (nonparty).
Prime Minister: Gordon BAJNAI (nonparty); elected as interim premier ...