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Hungary

Hungarian Republic

Magyar Köztársaság

Political Status: Independent kingdom created in 1000; republic proclaimed in 1946; Communist People’s Republic established August 20, 1949; pre-Communist name revived as one of a number of constitutional changes approved on October 18, 1989.

Area: 35,919 sq. mi. (93,030 sq. km.).

Population: 10,197,119 (2001C); 10,048,000 (2008).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): BUDAPEST (1,700,000), Debrecen (209,000), Miskolc (189,000), Pécs (169,000), Szeged (162,000), Györ (131,000).

Official Language: Hungarian.

Monetary Unit: Forint (official rate December 1, 2009: 180.49 forints = $1US).

President: Laszlo SOLYOM; elected (as the candidate of the Federation of Young Democrats–Hungarian Civic Alliance and several other parties) in third-round balloting by the National Assembly on June 7, 2005, and sworn in for a five-year term on August 5, succeeding Ferenc MÁDL (nonparty).

Prime Minister: Gordon BAJNAI (nonparty); elected as interim premier ...

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