Republic of Guatemala
República de Guatemala
Political Status: Independent Captaincy General of Guatemala proclaimed 1821; member of United Provinces of Central America, 1824–1838; separate state established 1839; most recent constitution (adopted May 31, 1985, with effect from January 14, 1986) amended by referendum of January 30, 1994.[Page 573]
Area: 42,042 sq. mi. (108,889 sq. km.).
Population: 11,237,196 (2002C); 13,687,000 (2008E).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): GUATEMALA CITY (991,000), Mixco (307,000), Villa Nueva (237,901), Quetzaltenango (114,000), Escuintla (72,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Quetzal (market rate December 1, 2009: 8.29 quetzales = $1US). Since May 1, 2001, foreign currencies have been permitted to circulate and may be used in business transactions.
President: Álvaro COLOM Caballeros (National Unity of Hope); elected on November 4, 2007, sworn in for a four-year term and formed new government on ...