Republic of Croatia
Political Status: Former constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; constitution proclaiming Croatian sovereignty promulgated December 21, 1990; independence declared June 25, 1991; dissociation from Yugoslavia approved by the Croatian Assembly effective October 8, 1991.
Area: 21,829 sq. mi. (56,538 sq. km.).
Population: 4,437,460 (2001C); 4,451,000 (2008E).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): ZAGREB (687,000), Split (185,000), Rijeka (134,000).
Official Language: Croatian.
Monetary Unit: Kuna (market rate December 1, 2009: 4.84 kune = $1US).
President: Stjepan MESIĆ (Croatian National Party); elected in runoff balloting on February 7, 2000, and inaugurated on February 18 for a five-year term to succeed Vlatko PAVLETIĆ (Croatian Democratic Union), the chair of the House of Representatives who had been serving as acting president since November 26, 1999; reelected in runoff balloting on January ...