Republic of Suriname
Political Status: Former Netherlands dependency; granted internal autonomy on December 29, 1954, and complete independence on November 25, 1975; constitution of November 21, 1975, suspended on August 15, 1980, following military coup of February 25; present constitution approved by referendum of September 30, 1987.
Area: 63,036 sq. mi. (163,265 sq. km.).
Population: 492, 829 (2004C), 513,000 (2007E).
Major Urban Center (2005E): PARAMARIBO (urban area, 252,000).
Official Language: Dutch. English, Hindi, Javanese, Chinese, and Sranan Tongo (Taki-Taki), a Creole lingua franca, also are widely spoken, while Spanish has been adopted as a working language to facilitate communication with Latin American neighbors.
Monetary Unit: Suriname Dollar (market rate November 1, 2008: 2.75 dollars = $1US). The Suriname Dollar replaced the Suriname Guilder in January 2004.
President: Ronald (Runaldo) VENETIAAN (Suriname ...