Republic of the Sudan

Al-Jumhuriyya as-Sudan

Note: In early March 2009, judges at the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a warrant for the arrest of President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity during the Darfur conflict. Enjoying the support of the African Union and the Arab League, al-Bashir has ignored the warrant and continues to act as head of state.

Political Status: Independent republic established in 1956; revolutionary military regime instituted in 1969; one-party system established in 1971; constitution of May 8, 1973, suspended following military coup of April 6, 1985; military regime reinstituted on June 30, 1989; ruling military council dissolved and nominal civilian government reinstated on October 16, 1993; nonparty presidential and legislative elections held on March 6–17, 1996; new constitution providing ...

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