Republic of Rwanda

République Rwandaise (French)

Republika y'u Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)

Note: In balloting for the 53 directly elected members of the Chamber of Deputies on September 15–18, 2008, the Rwandan Patriotic Front–led coalition won 42 seats; the Social Democratic Party, 7; and the Liberal Party, 4. Bernard Makusa remained prime minister of a reshuffled cabinet, named on October 20.

Political Status: Republic proclaimed January 28, 1961; independent since July 1, 1962; multiparty constitution adopted June 10, 1991, but full implementation blocked by ethnic-based fighting; peace agreement signed August 4, 1993, in Arusha, Tanzania, providing for transitional government and multiparty elections by 1995; twenty-two month transitional period announced January 5, 1994; new transitional government installed on July 19, 1994, by the Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR) after taking military control in ...

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