Republic of Nicaragua
República de Nicaragua
Political Status: Independence originally proclaimed 1821; separate republic established 1838; provisional junta installed July 19, 1979; present constitution adopted November 19, 1986, in effect from January 9, 1987.
Area: 50,193 sq. mi. (130,000 sq. km.).
Population: 5,142,098 (2005C); 5,371,000 (2007E).
Major Urban Center (2005E): MANAGUA (1,166,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Córdoba Oro (principal rate November 1, 2008: 19.69 córdobas = $1US).
President: Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (Sandinist National Liberation Front); served as president 1985–1990; reelected on November 5, 2006, and inaugurated for a five-year term on January 10, 2007, succeeding Enrique BOLAÑOS Geyer (Grand Liberal Union).
Vice President: Jaime MORALES Carazo (Sandinist National Liberation Front); elected on November 5, 2006, and inaugurated for a term concurrent with that of the president on January 10, 2007, succeeding Alfredo GÓMEZ ...