United Mexican States
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Political Status: Independence originally proclaimed 1810; present federal constitution adopted February 5, 1917.
Area: 761,600 sq. mi. (1,972,544 sq. km.).
Population: 97,483,412 (2000C); 108,833,000 (2007E). Provisional results of a 2005 census carry a total population of 103,088,021, which is substantially less than recent official estimates.
Major Urban Centers (2005E): MEXICO CITY (Federal District, 8,795,000), Guadalajara (1,645,000), Tijuana (1,474,000), Ciudad Juárez (1,454,000), Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza (1,428,000), León (1,183,000), Monterrey (1,132,000), Chihuahua (743,000), Acapulco (682,000), Mexicali (616,000), Veracruz (481,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: New Peso (market rate November 1, 2008: 12.68 pesos = $1US).
President: Felipe CALDERÓN Hinojosa (National Action Party); elected July 2, 2006, and inaugurated on December 1 for a six-year term, succeeding Vicente FOX Quesada (Nacional Action Party).
Extending southeastward from the U.S. border ...