Republic of Malta
Repubblika ta' Malta
Political Status: Became independent within the Commonwealth on September 21, 1964; republic declared by constitutional amendment on December 13, 1974.
Area: 122 sq. mi. (316 sq. km.).
Population: 404,039 (2005C); 408,000 (2007E).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): VALLETTA (7,100), Birkirkara (22,600), Sliema (12,700).
Official Languages: Maltese, English; Italian is also widely spoken.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 1, 2008: 1 euro = $1.27US). The euro became Malta's official currency on January 1, 2008, at a fixed rate of 1 euro = 0.4293 Maltese lira.
President: Edward (Eddie) FENECH ADAMI (Nationalist Party); elected on March 29, 2004, to a five-year term by the House of Representatives and sworn in on April 4, succeeding Guido DE MARCO (Nationalist Party).
Prime Minister: Lawrence GONZI (Nationalist Party); sworn in on March 23, ...