Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras
Political Status: Part of the independent Captaincy General of Guatemala, 1821; member of United Provinces of Central America, 1824–1838; separate republic established 1839; present constitution promulgated January 20, 1982, following a decade of military rule.
Area: 43,277 sq. mi. (112,088 sq. km.).
Population: 6,535,344 (2001C); 7,676,000 (2007E). The 2001 figure does not include an adjustment for underenumeration.
Major Urban Centers (2005E): TEGUCIGALPA (857,000), San Pedro Sula (510,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Lempira (market rate November 1, 2008: 18.90 lempiras = $1US).
President: José Manuel (Mel) ZELAYA Rosales (Liberal Party); elected on November 27, 2005, and inaugurated for a four-year term on January 27, 2006, in succession to Ricardo MADURO Joest (National Party).
First Vice President: Elvin Ernesto SANTOS (Liberal Party); elected with the president on November 27, ...