Republic of The Gambia
Political Status: Became independent member of the Commonwealth on February 18, 1965; republican regime instituted April 24, 1970; Gambian-Senegalese Confederation of Senegambia, formed with effect from February 1, 1982, dissolved as of September 30, 1989; most recent constitution approved by national referendum on August 8, 1996.[Page 476]
Area: 4,361 sq. mi. (11,295 sq. km.).
Population: 1,364,507 (2003C); 1,627,000 (2007E). The 2003 figure appears to reflect substantial underenumeration.
Major Urban Center (2005E): BANJUL (metropolitan area, 568,000).
Official Language: English.
Monetary Unit: Dalasi (market rate November 1, 2008: 23.90 dalasis = $1US).
President: Yahya JAMMEH (Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction); installed as chair of the Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council following military coup that overthrew the government of Alhaji Sir Dawda Kairaba JAWARA Sanyang (People's Progressive Party) on July ...