Republic of Croatia

Republika Hrvatska

Political Status: Former constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; constitution proclaiming Croatian sovereignty promulgated December 21, 1990; independence declared June 25, 1991; dissociation from Yugoslavia approved by the Croatian Assembly effective October 8, 1991.

Area: 21,829 sq. mi. (56,538 sq. km.).

Population: 4,437,460 (2001C); 4,448,000 (2007E).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): ZAGREB (687,000), Split (185,000), Rijeka (134,000).

Official Language: Croatian.

Monetary Unit: Kuna (market rate November 1, 2008: 5.65 kune = $1US).

President: Stjepan MESIĆ (Croatian National Party); elected in runoff balloting on February 7, 2000, and inaugurated on February 18 for a five-year term to succeed Vlatko PAVLETIĆ (Croatian Democratic Union), the chair of the House of Representatives who had been serving as acting president since November 26, 1999; reelected in runoff balloting on January ...

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