Republic of Austria
Political Status: Federal republic established in 1918; reestablished in 1945 under Allied occupation; independence restored under Four-Power Treaty of July 27, 1955.
Area: 32,376 sq. mi. (83,853 sq. km.).
Population: 8,032,926 (2001C); 8,290,000(2006E). The 2001 figure includes foreign workers.
Major Urban Centers (2005E): VIENNA (1,554,000), Graz (222,000), Linz (178,000), Salzburg (142,000), Innsbruck (112,000).
Official Language: German.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 2, 2007: 1 euro = $1.45US).
Federal President: Heinz FISCHER (Austrian Social Democratic Party); elected on April 25, 2004, and sworn in for a six-year term on July 9 to succeed Thomas KLESTIL (nonparty), who had been constitutionally precluded from running for a third term and who had died on July 6.
Federal Chancellor: Alfred GUSENBAUER (Austrian Social Democratic Party); invited by the president on October 11, ...