Kingdom of Thailand

Prathet Thai

Note: There is considerable variation in the English transliteration of Thai names. Where possible, we have relied directly on Thai sources. Even then, however, variants are more common than not.

Political Status: Independent monarchy functioning under a constitution approved by popular referendum on August 19, 2007, validated by the Constitutional Drafting Assembly on August 21, and promulgated on August 24.

Area: 198,455 sq. mi. (514,000 sq. km.).

Population: 60,606,947 (2000C), excluding adjustment for underenumeration; 65,334,000 (2006E).

Major Urban Center (2005E): BANGKOK (urban area, 6,599,000).

Official Language: Thai.

Monetary Unit: Baht (official rate November 2, 2007: 33.99 baht = $1US).

Sovereign: King BHUMIBOL Adulyadej (King RAMA IX); ascended the throne June 9, 1946; crowned May 5, 1950.

Heir Apparent: Crown Prince Maha VAJIRALONGKORN.

Prime Minister: Gen. (Ret.) SURAYUD Chulanont, sworn in by ...

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